Calle del Padre Belaunzarán

What now is a road for cars traffic in Guanajuato, centuries ago used to be the bed of the river that crossed the city.  On its margins big walls were built to lead water in the creek. The bridges we can see when traveling along this Street were built to communicate different neighborhoods in the city. In 1946 it was turned into an avenue.

Mainly through the use of hole-drilling technology from the mines, several lateral portions of this Street were drilled to create long tunnels that lead to remote points of the city in different directions.

This Street was named after the Franciscan friar José María de Jesús Belauzarán, who is remembered because he saved the life of the city inhabitants when General Félix María Calleja instructed to put them to the sword in revenge of them having occupied the Granaditas corn exchange a few days before, on September 28, 1810.  Priest Belauzarán, holding a crucifix, walked towards the person commissioned to execute the instruction of General Calleja to convince him of sparing the lives of the Guanajuato inhabitants.

That action saved the life of many and remained in the memory of the people for a long time. To commemorate that action, a portion of the creek was named after Priest Belauzarán and then it was turned into an underground Street called Calle del Padre Belauzarán, “The man who saved Guanajuato”.

Though now a route for automobiles through Guanajuato, in centuries past this was the bed of the river that crossed the city. Large walls were built along its banks to channel the water. The bridges we see here are constructed to connect the different parts of the city. In 1946, it was turned into an avenue.

Mostly by means of the hole-boring technology used in the mines, several long tunnels were dug, crossing under the streets in different directions in order to connect the center with the outlying districts of the city.

The street gets its name from Franciscan Friar José María de Jesús Belauzarán, remembered for his part in saving a number of the townsfolk when the Spanish General Félix María Calleja ordered them to be put to the sword as revenge for their occupation of the Alhóndiga de Granaditas on September 28, 1810. Holding a crucifix before him, Belauzarán went out to meet the officer in charge of the executions and convinced him to spare them.

His bravery saved many lives and lived long in the memory of the people; thus, to commemorate this legendary act a section of the Guanajuato river was renamed in his honor and when this became an underground street, was given the name Calle del Padre Belauzarán, in memory of “The man who saved Guanajuato”.